to the official teaching of the Roman Catholic Church, the Lord made
St. Peter the visible foundation of his Church. He entrusted the keys
of the Church to him. The Bishop of the Church of Rome, successor
to St. Peter, is "head of the college of bishops, the Vicar of Christ
and Pastor of the universal Church on earth" (Code of Canon Law #331). The Pope,
Bishop of Rome and Peter's successor, “is the perpetual and visible
source and foundation of the unity both of the bishops and of the whole
company of the faithful.” “For the Roman Pontiff, by reason of
his office as Vicar of Christ, and as pastor of the entire Church has
full, supreme, and universal power over the whole Church, a power which
he can always exercise unhindered.” Catechism of the Catholic Church #882.
For most Catholics, the office and authority of the Pope is rested in
the belief that the Apostle Peter ordained successors. Against the
teaching of Scripture, the Papacy declares its Church to be founded on
the Apostle Peter alone, stating that he was the first bishop of Rome
and thus handing down all of his authority to subsequent popes and
bishops. This assumption is the very cornerstone of Roman
Catholicism. In bolstering the Catholic position that the Pope is
the spiritual head of the Church, additional attributes have been
assigned to this man. The Roman Catholic Church refers to the
pontiff as the Vicar of Christ and also claims for him infallible
teaching authority. Please examine carefully the official
position of the Catholic Church in light of Him whom the Bible claims
as head of the true Church of God.
it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the
name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised
from the dead, even by him doth this man stand here before you whole.
This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is
become the head of the corner. Neither is there salvation in any other:
for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we
must be saved (Acts 4:10-12).
he [Jesus] is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning,
the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the
preeminence. For it pleased the Father that in him [Jesus] should all
fulness dwell (Colossians 1:18-19).